FROM THE NATIONAL PACT (MISAK-I MILLI) TO LAUSANNE: TURKISH FOREIGN POLICY FROM THE IDEAL TO THE REAL
The National Pact was a product of the Ottoman-Muslims’ attempt to create an identity for themselves during an era that witnessed the end of a war and the establishment of a new international hierarchy.
Today, as a new world order establishes itself and national borders lose their importance, the concept of the National Pact has once again become a current issue, although its meaning is not well known.
Considering the origins of the National Struggle in Turkey, Mustafa Budak begins by explaining which domestic and foreign political conditions supported the instigation of the National Pact. He then considers the repercussions and sensitivities triggered by the declaration of the pact whilst foreign policy issues were being discussed in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey, especially during the period of the Lausanne Conference.